Theme: Novel approaches in biomechanics and innovative methods in implant designing

Biomechanics-2015

Biomechanics-2015

 

OMICS International invites biomechanists and implant designers, experts, researchers, professors, therapists, counselors, delegates, students, business professionals and executives to attend "International Conference and Expo on Biomechanics & Implant design" (Biomechanics-2015) on July 27-29, 2015 Florida, USA.  We welcome the eminent scientific community to join us for the latest research and development in the field of Biomechanics and Implant Design through oral and poster presentations. Theme of Biomechanics 2015 conference is “Novel approaches in biomechanics and innovative methods in implant designing ".

 

OMICS International Organises 1000 + Global events inclusive of 300+ Conferences Every Year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 500 Open access journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members. OMICS Group organizes conference series every year accross the globe.

 

The United States is the biggest market for the Biomechanics and Implant Designing related business options, among which Florida shares 3% of the total market opportunities available in the world. This area needs more experts because day by day the medical cases are increasing but the rate of growth of healthcare system is very slow. In the US only, there were 35,000 registered bone related implant surgeries in 2013 which is increasing at a rate of 4-5% yearly, and professionals  for these type of surgeries is  growing by 1-1.5% every year. We need new methods of treatment that are more efficient and long-lasting, something which the US government recognizes as they spend billions on dollars in funding for the research through agencies like NIDRR, NCMRR, and VA RR&D. and this is why OMICS International is leading the way to share research amongst scientific community by organizing International Conference and Expo on Biomechanics and Implant Design.

For more information, please visit: Biomechanics Market Report

Track 1: Nano-Mechanical Implant Design

Nanobiomechanics (also bionanomechanics) is an emerging field in nanoscience and biomechanics that combines the powerful tools of nanomechanics to explore fundamental science of biomaterials and biomechanics. Nano Biomechanics majorly focuses on the development of implants.  Nano Mechanical Implants ranges from the inner workings of a cell (Human Body Physiology) to the movement and development of limbs, to the mechanical properties of soft tissue (cardiovascular Biomechanics) and bones. Some simple examples of biomechanics research include the investigation of the forces that act on limbs, the aerodynamics of bird and insect flight, the hydrodynamics of swimming in fish, and locomotion in general across all forms of life, from individual cells to whole organisms. The biomechanics of human beings, or say, Human Biomechanics is a core part of kinesiology. As we develop a greater understanding of the physiological behavior of living tissues, researchers are able to advance the field of tissue engineering and regenerative nanomedicine, as well as develop improved treatments for a wide array of pathologies.This also includes study of Implant Biomechanics and Nanomechanical Bone Chips.

Track 2: Biomechanics of the Human Neuromusculoskeletal System

The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their musculo- skeletal systems. The musculoskeletal system provides form, support, stability, and movement to the body. Biomechanical Movement is completely dependent on Neuromusculoskeletal Biomechanics and their coordination.

Biomechanics is also applied to studying human musculoskeletal systems. Such research utilizes force platforms to study human ground reaction forces and infrared videography to capture the trajectories of markers attached to the human body to study human 3D motion. Research also applies electromyography (EMG) system to study the muscle activation. By this, it is feasible to investigate the muscle responses to the external forces as well as perturbations.

The brain controls the movements of skeletal (voluntary) muscles via specialised nerves. The combination of the nervous system and muscles, working together to permit movement, is known as the neuromuscular system.

If you want to move part of your body, a message is sent to particular neurons (nerve cells), called upper motor neurons. Upper motor neurons have long tails (axons) that go into and through the brain, and into the spinal cord, where they connect with lower motor neurons. At the spinal cord, the lower motor neurons in the spinal cord send their axons via nerves in the arms and legs directly to the muscle they control.

Track 3: Biomedical Engineering

The Bone Bioengineering , focuses on major areas in bone biomechanics and bioengineering, including cellular/molecular mechanisms of trabecular bone response to mechanical and hormonal stimulation, micromechanics of cortical bone, and intervetebral disc response to mechanical loads.  Additionally BBL is developing 3D image analysis and recognition of trabecular bone microstructure and 3D bone cell culture systems.

Biomechanics is the discipline of Biomedical Engineering associated with applying the concepts of mechanics—be they of design, solid, fluid, or thermal nature—to the same clinical and biological issues.

leaders that have made significant impact and contributions in the following areas, among many others: medical equipment design; respiratory disease treatment and respiratory fluid mechanics; understanding bone-implant interface; scoliosis pathology and treatment; orthodontic treatment mechanics; MEMS sensor development; amputee myoelectric training tools; biocompatible surface treatments; nanotechnology; imaging analysis and optimization; improvement of technology for E-Health; sport engineering; health monitoring; and cellular biomechanics.

Track 4: Clinical Biomechanics

Clinical Biomechanics is an international multidisciplinary study of musculoskeletal biomechanics. The science of biomechanics helps explain the causes of musculoskeletal disorders and provides assistance to the clinician in the evaluation of treatment methods. Clinical Biomechanics aims to strengthen the link between clinic and laboratory by publishing biomechanics research which helps to explain the causes of musculoskeletal disorders and which provides knowledge contributing to improved clinical management. Clinical Biomechanics explores all facets of musculoskeletal biomechanics with an emphasis on clinical management. The role of basic, as well as medical, science is recognized in a clinical context. This discipline covered orthopaedic and sports biomechanics, bioengineering, biophysics, ergonomics, kinetics, clinical science, Cardiac Biomechanics Biomaterials, physical therapeutics and rehabilitation.

Track 5: Biomechanical Materials and Implant Designs

Biomaterials can be derived either from nature or synthesized in the laboratory using a variety of chemical approaches utilizing metallic components, polymers, composite materials or ceramic. It is often used and/or adapted for a medical application and thus comprises whole or part of a living structure or biomedical device. It performs augments or replaces a natural function. Such functions may be benign, like being used for a heart valve, or may be bioactive with a more interactive functionality such as hydroxyl-apatite coated with hip implants. For example, a construct with impregnated pharmaceutical products can be placed into the body, which permits the prolonged release of a drug over an extended period of time. A biomaterial may also be an auto graft, allograft or xenograft used as a transplant material. Present research and development is focused on Nano Biomaterials, and implant devices made out of them

Track 6: Biomechanical Devices

There is a need for a conceptual framework under which guidelines may be suggested for the evaluation of the biomechanical devices in some uniform and comprehensive manner. There are three basic biomechanical tests: strength, fatigue, and stability. The strength test evaluates the failure load of the device, determines its weak points, and is helpful in the initial development of the device. The fatigue test provides a measure of longevity of the device, either alone or as part of the spinal construct, by testing the device to failure using cyclically varying loads. In contrast, the stability test measures the capability of the device to provide multi-directional stability to the injured biological tissue/organ/bone. If there is no failure of the device, then the results of test are clinically important, as they characterize the potential for early fracture healing and early fusion. A conceptual framework for the evaluation of multi-direction stability of implant fixation devices and guidelines for designing the necessary experiments and devices.

Track 7: Implant/Transplant Surgeries

Biomechanics is widely used in orthopedic industry to design orthopedic implants for human joints, dental parts, external fixations and other medical purposes. Biotribology is a very important part of it. It is a study of the performance and function of biomaterials used for orthopedic implants. It plays a vital role to improve the design and produce successful biomaterials for medical and clinical purposes. One such example is in tissue engineered cartilage, Bone Remodelling, etc.

Biomaterials can be derived either from nature or synthesized in the laboratory using a variety of chemical approaches utilizing metallic components, polymers, composite materials or ceramic. It is often used and/or adapted for a medical application and thus comprises whole or part of a living structure or biomedical device. It performs augments or replaces a natural function. Such functions may be benign, like being used for a heart valve, or may be bioactive with a more interactive functionality such as hydroxyl-apatite coated with hip implants. For example, a construct with impregnated pharmaceutical products can be placed into the body, which permits the prolonged release of a drug over an extended period of time. A biomaterial may also be an auto graft, allograft or xenograft used as a transplant material. Biomaterials are also used every day in dental applications, surgery and drug delivery system. Biomaterials can be defined as inorganic or organic materials that are biocompatible and can be implanted in the human body to replace or repair failing tissue. Biomaterials do not have to be living or once living materials however. They can be of synthetic origin as well. For example-shunts and pacemakers are both considered biomaterials.  Biomaterials used to either bypass clogged arteries or provide new pathways for the circulatory system. They tend to have the advantage of remaining sound and not disintegrating. However, since they are not living, such shunts placed in children may be outgrown and require replacement. Other common biomaterials are used in plastic surgery applications. Calf, breast, cheek, chin, and buttocks implants are all considered to be biomaterials. Occasionally, plastic surgeons will harvest either fat or skin from a patient’s body to be used in another part of a body. Skin grafts are frequently used to cover scarring, and are most helpful in covering large areas of burned skin, which tends not to regenerate new skin tissue.

Track 8: Applied Fields of Biomechanics

Biomechanics is the scientific analysis of human movement – the field of science that studies the internal & external forces acting on the human body and the effects produced by these movements.

It’s based on Kinesiology (the mechanics and anatomy of movement), which was once primarily concerned with the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system. As the need for a better understanding about how everything works, Kinesiology merged with other sciences and Biomechanics was born. Using Biomechanics, anything can become more effective at producing force and efficient movement. Biomechanics is used to study crash analysis, passenger safety parameters in vehicles, ethics and ergonomics of occupational of biomechanics, forensic biomechanics etc.

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To Collaborate Scientific Professionals around the World

Conference Date July 27-29, 2015
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